In the context of spaceflight, a satellite is an object which has been placed into orbit by human endeavor. Such objects are sometimes called artificial satellites to distinguish them from natural satellites such as the Moon.
The first artificial satellite, Sputnik 1, was launched by the Soviet Union in 1957. Since then, thousands of satellites have been launched into orbit around the Earth. These originate from more than 50 countries and have used the satellite launching capabilities of ten nations. A few hundred satellites are currently operational, whereas thousands of unused satellites and satellite fragments orbit the Earth as space debris. A few space probes have been placed into orbit around other bodies and become artificial satellites to the Moon, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn.
Satellites are used for a large number of purposes. Common types include military and civilian Earth observation satellites, communications satellites, navigation satellites, weather satellites, and research satellites.
Space stations and human spacecraft in orbit are also satellites. Satellite orbits vary greatly, depending on the purpose of the satellite, and are classified in a number of ways. Well-known (overlapping) classes include low Earth orbit, polar orbit, and geostationary orbit.
Satellites are usually semi-independent computer-controlled systems. Satellite subsystems attend many tasks, such as power generation, thermal control, telemetry, attitude control and orbit control.
DOMESTIC USE OF SATELLITES TO WIDEN
Aug 16, 2007 ... But spy satellites offer much greater resolution and provide images in ... a nonprofit activist group, likened to "Big Brother in the sky. ...
ELECTRONIC SURVEILLANCE ISSUES
LINK: www.justice.gov/criminal/foia/docs/elec-srvlnce-issuse.pdf - Similar
SATELLITE SURVEILLANCE WITHIN US BORDERS
NOTE: A secretive federal court grants police broad authority to monitor internet use, record keystrokes and employ other surveillance methods against terror and electronic spying which includes satellite surveillance, and electronic surveillance and little known psycho-physical technology.
Homeland Security kills Law Enforcement Spy Satellite Program by Josh Meyer Los Angeles Times WASHINGTON, DC Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano has decided to kill a controversial Bush administration program ...
NOTE: After the law enforcement (LE) spy satellite program was stopped, the game plan switched to evolvement of DHS Fusion Centers as well as insuring high tech counter-terrorism divisions across the nations with highly advanced psycho-physical electromagnetic technology in federal centers, such as the FBI JRIC in California, as well as state (Sheriff) and local police departments. These efforts further cemented the unification of military technology and military personnel.
AMERICA'S MILITARY DICTATORSHIP
MODERN DAY COINTELPRO
COINTELPRO: THE FBI'S COVERT ACTION PROGRAMS AGAINST AMERICAN CITIZENS
TARGETED INDIVIDUAL FBI HARASSMENT PROGRAM
THOUSANDS OF DRONES HAVE ARRIVED AND HAVE BECOME THE GAME CHANGER - 30,000 APPROVED FOR US SKIES BY 2020
EXCERPT: "waging endless wars of aggression against invented enemies."
IS THE COVERT STALKING AND ELECTRONIC HARASSMENT PROGRAM RAN BY FBI
An ex-FBI agent, deceased, Ted L. Gunderson say that a large focus of "The Program" vigilante organized stalking is actually an effort assigned to and spearheaded by the FBI. Untold numbers if victim's report it as a program to covertly destroy human lives with no accountability.
U.S. AIR FORCE SPACE COMMAND
Thousands of satellites orbit Earth
The Sky Has Eyes
There are approximately 120 private companies in the world that operate about a third of the thousands of small, orbiting, uninhabited space vehicles commonly known as satellites; none of these companies are American. In the USA, the only entities that are allowed to own and operate satellites -- even if they are used to do scientific research, or to provide commercial services related to communications, entertainment or weather forecasting -- are the Department of Defense (DOD) or one of the USA's independent intelligence-gathering agencies:
The Central Intelligence Agency (created in 1947), the National Security Agency (1952), the National Reconnaissance Organization (1960), or the National Imagery and Mapping Organization (1996).
Foreign governments, private companies, and scientific institutions must either pay a fee or enter into an exclusive information-sharing agreement (or both) if they want to get access to America's satellites.
In the other countries that have placed satellites in orbit (Russia, China, France, Japan, India, Canada and Israel), the military, intelligence satellites (if any) are kept separate from the commercial ones, and private companies can operate their own satellite systems. This makes sense from an operational point of view. With some exceptions, military satellites are designed to move in complex elliptical orbits around the earth, so that they can photograph very large areas of the surface (whole continents) and determine the locations of sources of certain microwave transmissions.
Commercial satellites, by contrast, are "geo-stationary," that is, designed to stay "motionless" in orbit above or, rather, in between certain (limited or very specific) locations that can't be connected with cables (see diagram below).
The US military makes extensive use of both kinds of satellites. As might be expected, geo-stationary satellites are used to produce very detailed radar images or photographs of small, strategically important locations, and to gather signal intelligence about or intercept and eavesdrop upon certain transmissions.
But the DOD also uses geo-stationary satellites to direct precision-guided weapons to their locations.
The satellites do this by directing down to the surface a laser beam that can be detected, locked on to and then followed all the way down by bombs or missiles that have laser-readers installed in their cones. And so, these satellites aren't fully automated killers, unlike their "cousins," the uninhabited aerial vehicles. But they're close and will get even closer if self-avowed President George W. Bush succeeds in his effort to revive Ronald Reagan's "Star Wars" missile defense plan from the 1980s.
It is highly instructive that the very first American satellite was a "reconnaissance" (spy) satellite and that it was the product of an intense, behind-the-scenes competition between the DOD and the CIA, which are still in competition with each other.
(Note also the battle to see who will achieve "Total Information Awareness" first.)
NOTE: Total Information Awareness is the completed agenda to have DNA, iris, gait, facial recognition, fingerprint etc., also known as the human biometric signatures, downloaded into the super computer.
This programs allowed biometric signature download of all US citizens and resulted in the capability to tracked, any and everyone, anywhere on the Earth using biometrics via satellites and drones:
Biometric "Information Awareness Office" program below which allows human tracking by DNA, iris, gait, voice recognition, face recognition, etc.
On February 7, 1958 -- three years after the Air Force had begun work on a satellite that would provide continuous surveillance of "pre-selected areas of the earth" in order "to determine the status of a potential enemy's war-making capability," and one year after the Soviets launched Sputnik, thereby beating the Americans into space -- President Dwight Eisenhower turned to the CIA and asked it to develop a reconnaissance (spy) satellite of its own.
Unlike the Air Force's satellite program, which had tried unsuccessfully to produce a satellite that would use electronics to beam its photographs down to earth, the CIA's CORONA program concentrated on producing a satellite that would simply put its photographs into a canister that could be dropped down and recovered from wherever it landed.
To make sure that the DOD didn't feel slighted, on February 7, 1958 Eisenhower also created the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), which later became the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
The DOD could also console itself with the fact that it still operated the Space Surveillance Network, which ever since 1957 has used ground-based radar and optical sensing equipment to detect, identify, track and catalogue all the artificial objects orbiting Earth, including satellites (both active and inactive), spent rocket bodies and other pieces of debris, even those as small as baseballs.
It took the CIA over a year and 14 separate launches before it finally managed to get an operational CORONA satellite placed in orbit. But Eisenhower deemed it worth the expense and the wait. In a single day, the satellite's Keyhole-1 camera -- which could "resolve" upon objects as small as 40 feet long -- photographed more of the Soviet Union than had been photographed over a period of years by all of the Air Force's U-2 spy planes put together.
In 1963, CORONA was supplemented by GAMBIT, a "close look" or "spotting" satellite designed to target specifics areas. Thanks to its high-resolution Keyhole-7 camera, which could resolve upon objects as small as 18 inches long, GAMBIT was able to take photographs useful for detailed intelligence work, such as inspecting foreign weapons systems. After GAMBIT, the CIA developed HEXAGON, which could cover even more ground than CORONA and yet still resolve upon objects as small as 1 or 2 feet long.
At the same time (the early 1970s), the Air Force developed the Defence Support Program, which placed a constellation of satellites in geostationary orbit around the Earth. Unlike their predecessors, these satellites contained infrared sensors as well as photographic cameras, which allowed them to work at night and/or despite the presence of heavy cloud cover.
According to the European Parliament and other researchers, the early 1970s was also the period in which the various American intelligence-gathering agencies -- trying to keep up with the satellite launches of the International Telecommunications Satellite Organization, formed in 1964 and capable of providing truly global coverage in 1968 -- developed the ECHELON system.
Built upon a 1947 intelligence-sharing agreement between the USA, Canada, England, Australia and New Zealand, known as the "Five Eyes" the ECHELON system uses immense ground-based listening stations (see picture below) to intercept and eavesdrop upon satellite-based communications.
These listening stations are dispersed throughout the world, in such places as Yakima (Washington State, USA), Sugar Grove (West Virginia, USA), Menwith Hill (England), Hong Kong, Guam, Misawa Air Base (Japan), and Sabana Seca (Puerto Rico); they allow the English-speaking countries (the USA, mostly) to eavesdrop upon what the rest of the world is saying in their faxes, telexes and international telephone calls.
By 1976, satellites such as CRYSTAL were finally able to do what Eisenhower wanted the Air Force's first satellites to do, namely, use electronic signals to relay images down to earth as soon as they are captured by the satellite's (Keyhole-11) cameras. But, despite their incredible sophistication, these space-to-earth transmissions -- like all wireless broadcasts -- were and still are vulnerable to interception.
In 1982, the Department of Defense starting launching the first of the 24 satellites that today enable the operation of the Global Positioning System (GPS). Because it is the subject of a vast and rapidly expanding literature, GPS has been taken up in a separate entry, to be found here. It is called the IRIDIUM system
There are 66 low-earth orbiting (LEO) satellites comprising the Iridium stationary satellite system.
The original company went bankrupt and the US Department of Defense assisted in making sure the system stayed in operation. The system is currently maintained by the Boeing Company.
This is a diagram of the planetary coverage of the Iridium system. This system has transmit and receive coverage of the entire planet. Each circle is a coverage sector.
USAF UNVEILS SECRET SURVEILLANCE SATELLITES IN 2013 WHICH TODAY ARE NOW USED TO TARGET US CITIZENS, WHO HAVE BEEN LABELLED AND BLACKLISTED AS "DOMESTIC TERRORIST," WHO IN REALITY ARE WHISTLEBLOWERS AND ACTIVIST TARGETED BY MILITARY PERSONNEL PSYOPS FROM BASES AND MILITARY PERSONNEL STATIONED IN THE US IN COMBINED MILITARY/LAW ENFORCEMENT EFFORTS.
REMOTE VIEWING FULL LINK: https://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/vision_remota/esp_visionremota_8.htm
INTRODUCTION TO BIOMETRICS AND BIOMETRIC SYSTEMS USED FOR TRACKING
Victims are under attack by the U.S. military and ALL of their "assets" (most often for having damaging information about law enforcement misconduct and corruption)
Propaganda against U.S. civilians has been authorized by the N.D.A.A. and is NOW BEING USED AGAINST YOU!
(the "puppets" constantly surrounding you EVERYWHERE YOU NOW GO are U.S. Special Forces, intelligence agents, federal, state and local law enforcement, and community policing participants)
YOU ARE BEING MONITORED 24/7/365. EVERYTHING you say. EVERY MOVEMENT you make. EVERY phone call. EVERY internet/electronic communication and activity. EVERY transaction. EVERY breath you take. All of your habits have been analyzed. EVERYTHING about you is being analyzed. THIS IS LITERALLY THE MOVIE "Eagle Eye" and YOU are the target
Quantum Physics is being used against you in your new "constantly negative environment" (research the term and understand the detrimental health and emotional effects of constantly "absorbing their negative energy")
Intimidation is a primary objective in psychological warfare. Understand this key to their puzzle and recognize this objective. This program is designed to silence and discredit. Do not fall for their clever charade - it is all part of their grandiose show!
You are being FRAMED and subjected to an extraordinary entrapment campaign that is designed to alienate you, enrage you and get you to lash out in any way possible in order to incarcerate or simply REMOVE YOU from society
Everything you've ever been taught to believe about justice, freedom, constitutional/civil and even human rights have now VANISHED. You are a test subject in a classified and extremely intricate maze of psychological warfare (sometimes also accompanied by ongoing, daily physical torture and poisoning through the targeting of directed energy/radiation/acoustical next-generation weaponry designed to break you and eliminate you)
Your new reality is now that of a non-consenting military test subject in a classified program that is controlled at THE HIGHEST levels of our government and military.
The damaging information you have about the police, military or intelligence (our government) is deemed to be MUCH MORE IMPORTANT to SILENCE and DISCREDIT than any individual's rights (or even life)
WELCOME TO A POST PATRIOT ACT SOCIETY. Your new reality will now more closely resemble a 1984 Orwellian Police State than any normal existence you've experienced prior to being placed into this program (you have officially been listed as an enemy of the U.S. government and will now be under constant attack by our government - utilizing ALL of their resources to covertly destroy you)
PERSONAL ACCOUNT OF HOW THE HORRIFIC, HORRENDOUS, COMMUNITY HARASSMENT "REMOTE NEURAL MONITORING" AND COVERT STALKING PROGRAM IS INITIATED AND MOBILIZED INTO A MONSTROUS SYNDICATE OF PUPPETS, PAWNS AND UNTOLD NUMBERS OF VICTIMS
"PROTECTION FROM MIND CONTROL WEAPONS"
SEEING THE BIG PICTURE AGENDA
EXCERPT... "It is very important to fully understand as much as possible the agenda behind the use of Frequency Waves (FW) and all other methods of social control. Also important is to understand the mental attitude of the perpetrators of these psychotronic attacks, who are employed directly or indirectly by the intelligence agencies.
Being totally devoid of any humanistic qualities whatsoever, they have no conscience, no morals, no ethics and are severely mentally imbalanced. They have deep subconscious fears and are devoid of courage as they cannot face themselves. These fears are masked by the desire to control and torture others. By having no understanding what-soever of who they truly are and their immense capabilities as a human being, they derive an illusory sense of power by doing what they do.
The more physical, emotional and mental pain they create in their targets through harassment, torture, rape and manipulation, they more powerful and important they feel they are..."
NOTE: ALL of Canadian Activist Eleanor White, over 25 years as a victim, and whistleblowers, very detailed links and work have been taken down. Her website was raven1.net.
TORTURED IN AMERICA - THE HIDDEN EVIL
LAPD "REAL-TIME ANALYSIS CRITICAL RESPONSE" DIVISION (RACR) - SATELLITE SURVEILLANCE / COUNTER-TERRORISM DIVISION
LAPD'S LITTLE KNOWN HIGH-TECH UNDERGROUND AKA "WAR ROOM"
"IN A NUTSHELL" LINK FOR EXCERPT BELOW: www.torturedinamerica.org
MOBILIZATION OF SURVEILLANCE ROLE PLAYERS AKA COMMUNITY ORGANIZED STALKING:
THE DEEP STATE, GANG STALKING AND ZERSETZUNG
BELOW IS AN EXCELLENT DEPICTION OF HOW THIS PROGRAM BEGINS, THE CRUELTY OF HORRIFIC COVERT NON-CONSENSUAL TECHNOLOGY TESTING, DETAILED ACCURATELY BY ONE OF MANY, MANY VICTIMS WITH IDENTICAL EXPERIENCES WITHIN THE USA AND GLOBALLY ...
ONE EVENING the nightmare begins. Without warning, you realize that you are the target of a cruel, unending campaign of psychological battering and torture with through-the-wall surveillance / hi-tech microwave and acoustic based weapons. You are never spoken to, never accused of a crime. Yet, the abuse continues for years. You are battered with covert through-the-wall weapons from adjoining apartments or nearby homes while you sleep at night. A coordinated campaign of psychological attacks occurs during the day. Its purpose is to wear you down, forcing you to react in a way that results in incarceration, homelessness, being declared mentally ill, suicide or death. Their mission is to isolate and destroy you mentally and physically. They will not stop until that is accomplished.
It is all done covertly so that you cannot seek justice nor provide evidence of your abuse. Individuals cooperating in this cruel campaign are planted among your neighbors, workmates, and even in your place of worship. They provide a barrage of humiliating encounters while seeking to destroy your reputation.
This government surveillance and harassment uses a bogus “criminal investigation” as a cover, both to destroy your reputation and as an excuse for constant surveillance.
Its true motive is the testing of covert untraceable through-the-wall weapons and psychological warfare. You are chosen as a victim of this testing without consent.
MASS MIND CONTROL IN THE PRESENT DAY-USA:
BELIEVE IT OR NOT
THE SURREPTITIOUS REINCARNATION OF COINTELPRO
WHAT THE PUBLIC SHOULD KNOW ABOUT "SO CALLED" NON-LETHAL WEAPONS: http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/efw.htm
THE POSSE COMITATUS ACT NO LONGER SEPARATES, MILITARY, ARMY AND USAF FOCUS ON CIVILIANS
LINK TO UNDERGROUND BASES IN AMERICA: http://nstarzone.com/CODERED.html
ESTABLISHING BOGUS INVESTIGATIONS LAY THE FOUNDATION FOR VICIOUS/DEADLY TARGETING
TRACKED & MONITORED 24/7, INDEFINITELY BY SATELLITES, AND DRONES AND VIA CELL TOWERS, USING BRAINWAVE PATTERNS AND BIOMETRICS, DNA, IRIS, GAIT, VOICE AND FACIAL RECOGNITION.
THIS NEW PARADIGM, IS NO LONGER ENFORCED SOLELY BY THE CIA AND NSA BUT TODAY IN UNIFIED MILITARY, FEDERAL, STATE, AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT COUNTER-TERRORISM DIVISIONS AND NONCONSENSUAL, APPROVED ONGOING TECHNOLOGY TESTING.
U.S. ELECTROMAGNETIC WEAPONS AND HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS GLOBAL RESEARCH